Daneben gibt es wie in vielen Teilen Tamil Nadus eine Minderheit von Sprechern des Telugu, die von 4,0 der Distriktbevölkerung ausmachen. Dank seiner Nähe zu Chennai ist der Distrikt Kanchipuram wirtschaftlich gut entwickelt und stark industrialisiert. [13]In the 15th century, Kanchipuram was invaded by the Velama Nayaks in 1437, the Gajapati kingdom in 1463–1465 and 1474–75 and the Bahmani Sultanate in about 1480. Dharmapuri | [16] The earliest references to Kanchipuram are found in the books of the Sanskrit grammarian Patanjali, who lived between the 3rd and 2nd centuries BCE. [44] Kanchipuram is subdivided into two divisions –, Most of the Shiva temples lie in Big Kanchi while most of the Vishnu temples lie in Little Kanchi. Der Distrikt Kanchipuram (Tamil: காஞ்சிபுரம் மாவட்டம்; auch: Kancheepuram) ist ein Distrikt des indischen Bundesstaates Tamil Nadu. Chennai | [92] Two passenger trains from both sides of Chengalpattu and Arakkonam pass via Kanchipuram. It is the headquarters of the Kanchi matha, a Hindu monastic institution believed to have been founded by the Hindu saint and commentator Adi Sankaracharya, and was the capital city of the Pallava Kingdom between the 4th and 9th centuries. [13] The Golconda Sultanate gained control of the city in 1672, but lost it to Bijapur three years later. Kanchipuram, a also known as Kānchi (kāñcipuram; [kaːɲdʑipuɾam]) or Kancheepuram, is a temple city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu in Tondaimandalam region, 72 km (45 mi) from Chennai – the capital of Tamil Nadu. The Chennai – Bangalore National Highway, NH 4 passes the outskirts of the city. [62] Indian writer, politician and founder of the DMK, C. N. Annadurai, was born and raised in Kanchipuram. The Chengalpet – Arakkonam railway line passes through Kanchipuram and travellers can access services to those destinations. We have tried our best to provide the correct pin codes details, however we do not guarantee for the accuracy and / or the quality of the content. [129][130][131] A related claim is that Adi Sankara came to Kanchipuram, and that he established the Kanchi mutt named "Dakshina Moolamnaya Sarvagnya Sri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam" in a position of supremacy, namely Sarvagnya Peeta, over the other mutts (religious institutions) of the subcontinent, before his death there. [105], Buddhism is believed to have flourished in Kanchipuram between the 1st and 5th centuries. [13] Inscriptions of the Vijayanagar kings Harihara II, Deva Raya II, Krishna Deva Raya, Achyuta Deva Raya, Sriranga I, and Venkata II are found within the city. Namakkal | [13] His inscriptions record the re-institution of Hindu rituals in the Kailasanathar Temple that had been abandoned during the Muslim invasions. [108] However, other traditions ascribe his origins to other places in Asia. [81][82] The silk trade in Kanchipuram began when King Raja Raja Chola I (985–1014) invited weavers from Saurashtra, Gujarat to migrate to Kanchi. Jüngeren Datums ist der Ekambareshwara-Tempel, welcher während der Vijayanagar-Herrschaft im Jahr 1509 um einen heiligen Mangobaum erbaut wurde. [40] Most of the precipitation occurs in the form of cyclonic storms caused by depressions in the Bay of Bengal during the northeast monsoon. [13] Venkata II (1586–1614) tried to revive the Vijayanagar Empire, but the kingdom relapsed into confusion after his death and rapidly fell apart after the Vijayanagar king Sriranga III's defeat by the Golconda and Bijapur sultanates in 1646. [28][36] After short spells of occupation by Ravivarman Kulasekhara of Venad (Quilon, Kerala) in 1313–1314 and the Kakatiya ruler Prataparudra II, Kanchipuram was conquered by the Vijayanagar general Kumara Kampana, who defeated the Madurai Sultanate in 1361. Er grenzt im Norden an den Stadtdistrikt Chennai und den Distrikt Tiruvallur, im Nordwesten an den Distrikt Vellore, im Westen an den Distrikt Tiruvannamalai und im Süden an den Distrikt Viluppuram. 1968 wurde Kanchipuram zum Verwaltungssitz des Distrikts. [13] Harihara II endowed grants in favour of the Varadharaja Perumal Temple. [48], The climate of Kanchipuram is generally healthy. [117], Kailasanathar Temple, dedicated to Shiva and built by the Pallavas, is the oldest Hindu temple in existence and is declared an archaeological monument by the Archaeological Survey of India. Kandapuranam, the Tamil religious work on Muruga, translated from Sanskrit Skandapurana, was composed in 1625 by Kachiappa Shivacharya in the temple. [84][85] The local administration is accused of aiding child labour by opening night schools in Kanchipuram from 1999. Jahrhundert Kanchipuram als Hauptstadt hatte. Nach der Volkszählung 2011 sind 23,7 Prozent der Einwohner des Distrikts Angehörige niederer Kasten (Scheduled Castes) und 1,0 Prozent Angehörige der Stammesbevölkerung (Scheduled Tribes)[7]. [60] The current member of the legislative assembly is V. Somasundaram from the AIADMK party. Kumarakottam Temple, dedicated to Muruga, is located between the Ekambareswarar temple and Kamakshi Amman temple, leading to the cult of Somaskanda (Skanda, the child between Shiva and Parvati). [133] Christ Church is the oldest Christian church in the city. [119] Adi Sankara is closely associated with this temple and is believed to have established the Kanchi matha after this temple.[120]. Die Fläche des Distrikts Kanchipuram beträgt 4.483 Quadratkilometer. With the gradual resurrection of Hinduism during the reign of Mahendra Varman I, the Hindu educational system gained prominence with Sanskrit emerging as the official language.[6]. It is one of the divyadesams, the 108 holy abodes of Vishnu. [2] It is the administrative headquarters of Kanchipuram District. [84] Larsen & Toubro inaugurated the first rail construction training centre in India at Kanchipuram on 24 May 2012, that can train 300 technicians and 180 middle-level managers and engineers each year. [11] Patanjali (150 BCE or 2nd century BCE) refers to the city in his Mahabhasya as Kanchipuraka. [30] According to the Siddhantasaravali of Trilocana Sivacharya, Rajendra Chola I brought a band of Saivas with him on his return from the Chola expedition to North India and settled them in Kanchipuram. [49] Kanchipuram receives rainfall from both Northeast Monsoon and Southwest Monsoon.The highest Single day rainfall recorded in Kanchipuram is 450mm on 10 October 1943. [5], Die Hauptsprache im Distrikt Kanchipuram ist wie in ganz Tamil Nadu das Tamil. The relative humidity is higher between November and January and is lowest throughout June. Sivaganga | The city is important to both Shaivism and Sri Vaishnavism. [41], Groundwater is the major source of water supplies used for irrigation – the block of Kanchipuram has 24 canals, 2809 tanks, 1878 tube wells and 3206 ordinary wells. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 12. The city covers an area of 11.605 km 2 (4.481 sq mi) and had a population of 164,265 in 2011. In 2015, Kanchipuram district registered the highest rainfall of 182 cm in Tamil Nadu during Northeast Monsoon season. [88] Local bus services are provided by The Villupuram division of Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation. Diesen hatten die Briten 1788 eingerichtet, nachdem sie die Herrschaft von den Nawabs von Arcot übernommen und das Gebiet in die Provinz Madras eingegliedert hatten. [9] In Tamil the word split into two: ka and anchi. Theni | The best route to go injimedu is, The city has two mosques; one near the Ekambareswarar temple, was built during the rule of Nawab of Arcot in the 17th century, and another near the Vaikunta Perumal temple, shares a common tank with the Hindu temple. Verwaltungszentrum des Distrikts ist die namengebende Stadt Kanchipuram. [76], Kanchipuram has 416 hectares (1,030 acres) of residential properties, mostly around the temples. Auch der Flughafen Chennai befindet sich in Meenambakkam im Gebiet des Distrikts Kanchipuram. Zudem ist die Stadt Kanchipuram traditionell ein Zentrum der Seidenweberei. Krishnagiri | King Narasimhavarman II built the city's important Hindu temples, the Kanchi Kailasanathar Temple, the Varadharaja Perumal Temple and the Iravatanesvara Temple. [16] The city is believed to have been part of the mythical Dravida Kingdom of the Mahabharata [16] and was described as "the best among cities" (Sanskrit: Nagareshu Kanchi) by the 4th-century Sanskrit poet, Kalidasa. Die „fünf Rathas“, eine Mitte des 7. It is the administrative headquarters of Kanchipuram District. Tiruvarur | This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 16:28. The city covers an area of 11.605 km2 (4.481 sq mi) and had a population of 164,265 in 2011. [41] The area is classified as a Seismic Zone II region,[43] and earthquakes of up to magnitude 6 on the Richter Scale may be expected. Jahrhundert stammende Vaikuntha-Perumal-Tempel. [78], All major nationalised banks such as Vijaya Bank, State Bank of India, Indian Bank, Canara Bank, Punjab National Bank, Dena Bank and private banks like ICICI Bank have branches in Kanchipuram. It was built by a British man named Mclean in 1921.


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