This results in isolation, limited career opportunities, financial dependence and suffering from the emotional impact that this brings. Bullfighting is cruel because an animal—the bull—is essentially tortured to death for the audience’s amusement. Harmful traditional practices that contribute to violence against women are thus closely linked with the concept of gender-based discrimination and cannot be separated from it in documentation and study. 56 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<4AABB4073D3AA54188EE7390AE918A9B><091A0CE34585BF4E88ACFB26E033D6AC>]/Index[34 45]/Info 33 0 R/Length 111/Prev 1589534/Root 35 0 R/Size 79/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream There is limited evidence to determine the extent of people affected by female genital mutilation (FGM) in Scotland. A harmful practice steeped in tradition, scarification is the custom of making superficial incisions on one’s skin. 78 0 obj <>stream Harmful practices Multi-country study on gender, sexuality and vaginal practices. Efidan tradition. Unlike ‘typical’ … families controlling unwanted sexual behaviour or sexual orientation, preventing relationships out with the community, ensuring care for disabled children or adults, injury and damage to adjacent tissue and other organs. As well as the cultural implications and the fact that the majority of children who undergo sc… 0 Information on forced marriage and FGM for the public, including support organisations for female and male victims, is available at One Scotland (external site). This is normally done using a knife, stone, or piece of glass and the process came about as a method of symbolizing identity, whether it is representing a connection to a spiritual or tribal group, demonstrating a particular status or position within a community, or distinguishing a child’s passage into adulthood. In some cases, FGM can lead to death. English 6 … Bullfighting is all about spectacle. A study on harmful sexual practice is being conducted in: Indonesia, Mozambique, South Africa and Thailand. Police estimate that 12 women are killed in honour killings a year in the UK, although this is likely to be an underestimate. Each local NHS Board has an Executive Lead and Operational Lead for gender based violence (GBV). They are not unique to a particular culture or religion. Following forced marriage, a woman may be abused by her husband and, Younger women and girls are particularly at risk of forced marriage. Harmful traditional practices (HTPs) exist in many different forms. Harmful traditional practices occur across all sexes, sexual identities and genders. We have created guidance for health workers on the impacts of harmful traditional practices and how staff can identify and respond to those who have experienced them. As a professional working with someone affected by harmful practices, you can get support by calling Scotland’s domestic abuse and forced marriage helpline (external site) on 0800 027 1234. The term is gaining in importance due to the increased controversy over "rights of cultural practice", which are protected in many jurisdictions for indigenous peoples and sometimes ethnic minorities. Harmful traditional practices Very little research has been done to establish a firm link between harmful traditional practices and HIV transmission. Go to our harmful traditional practices guidance for health workers, Scotland’s domestic abuse and forced marriage helpline (external site), The Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation (Scotland) Act 2005 (external site), Visit the Scottish Government site for the FGM national action plan, multi-agency guidance on responding to FGM (external site), FGM Aware also have information and resources on tackling FGM (external site), Visit the Scottish Government site for the WAWG policy, Find contact details for your local GBV lead, abuse, health and wellbeing services (external site). They are not unique to a particular culture or religion. h�b``�b``jd`a`x�� ʀ �@1V �X��� ���r�Zfz������!���"�b��i � ْXn1����(����Q�A(���_~��! In the long term, it can lead to recurrent sexual, psychological and physiological problems, including problems during childbirth. Whilst survivors of FGM are found in some communities in Scotland, not all women and girls born in countries or communities where it is practised are affected or at risk. Bullfight in Spain, photo by SubtlePanda via CC 1. They persist in an environment where women and the girl child … These aim to protect those being forced to marry, or those already in a forced marriage. Members of the public can be directed towards Scotland's Service Directory on NHS inform which provides information on. Complementary medicine (CM), complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), integrated medicine or integrative medicine (IM), and holistic medicine are among many rebrandings of the same phenomenon. This website is now part of Public Health Scotland. These traditions reflect norms of care and behavior based on age, life stage, gender, and social class. %PDF-1.5 %���� FGM Aware also have information and resources on tackling FGM (external site), which can be used locally. (Protection and Jurisdiction) (Scotland) Act 2011. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. "���� �U,�"y�@������`r������ρ��H� �"��@��m� �������ߟ�20]����q ����� !-X h�bbd```b``z These are forms of domestic and sometimes child abuse. Efidan translates as cutting. h��WYo�8�+|LP$�E It creates resistance and hinders the process of engaging people in local communities in challenging injustice and violence. The Cruelty of Bullfighting. Harmful traditional practices are forms of violence which have been committed primarily against women and girls in certain communities and societies for so long that they are considered, or presented by perpetrators, as part of accepted cultural practice. The immediate health consequences include. An estimated 103,000 women aged 15 to 49 living in England and Wales have undergone FGM. Unlike ‘typical’ domestic abuse, family members and the extended family are often involved. ��(-�7��!ˡQ��M�+,�ht]���$Y�M\������BB� �@�%�s���8�3���- ����jb�H t�[a���7��X@��^���ZFc�^���MN�>. Forced Marriage Protection Orders were introduced in the Forced Marriage etc. Cultural practice is the manifestation of a culture or sub-culture, especially in regard to the traditional and customary practices of a particular ethnic or other cultural group.. In 2016, the Scottish Government released the national action plan to prevent and eradicate FGM. 65% of all cases referred to the UK Forced Marriage Unit in 2017 involved those under the age of 18. endstream endobj startxref Y��2] If you suspect that someone may be affected by harmful traditional practices, it is your responsibility to introduce the subject sensitively and ask them. These are forms of domestic and sometimes child abuse. ?�v6&e�n�w\���eI`����� ��H3!�a�#h b {=��7� �~"! People with a learning disability were involved in 12% of cases referred. Some of the motives for forced marriage and/or honour based violence have been identified as 1. families controlling unwanted sexual behaviour or sexual orientation 2. preventing relationships out with the community 3. ensuring care for disabled children or adults 4. protecting the family ‘honour’. �X7��P�V�{��ƻj��P0:�F���j3LVo]���!��� )�E�,+��E�׃A�}v�P�E ����͋�!��'�4�H�� 1͜ ʧ�tM'��+dNO�����MN�t�x��Q�d鼟/3G�k���X�� (�h\�uDi��FT�u�(�! They usually become victims of harmful traditional practices in Nigeria, Cameroon, South Africa and many other countries of Africa. You can contact your local lead for information on local policies, training opportunities and support for staff. Here you can find information on the link between harmful traditional practices and health inequalities, as well as actions that can be taken to address this. described as harmful practices, but there are particular forms of violence against women and girls which are defended on the basis of tradition, culture, religion or superstition by some community members.1 These are often known as ‘harmful traditional practices.’ • Harmful traditional practices … Harmful Tradi T ional Prac T ices 6 How harmful traditional practices affect health The term ‘harmful traditional practices’ encompasses a range of abuse which results in physical and psychological harm, disability and even death for significant numbers of women. While many traditions promote social cohesion and unity, others wear down the physical and psychological health and integrity of individuals, especially women and girls. %%EOF The largest proportion of cases involved 18-21 year old victims. Resistance from communities Rarely or never is the term “harmful traditional practice” used in community-based work. Harmful traditional practices (HTPs) are group-sanctioned but usually now illegal actions taken to reinforce the power of one person or group over (an)other/s. However, it is likely that any practice that involves transferring blood carries a significant infection risk. Some of the major HTPs […] Information on forced marriage legislation, along with statutory and practitioner guidance, are provided within the Scottish Government's violence against women and girls (VAWG) policy. 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